Entre Nous

24 septembre, 2009

Quand le genre change le sens

Filed under: GRAMMAIRE,VOCABULAIRE — db @ 12:00
Tags:

Quelques noms dont le sens diffère selon qu’ils sont masculins ou féminins

Masculin

Féminin

un aide

male assistant

une aide

help,assistance, female assistant

le bar

bar/pub, bass

la barre

bar (rod), barre, helm

le barde

bard

la barde

armor for a horse

le cache

card/mask (to hide s.t.)

la cache

cache, hiding place

le casse

break-in, robbery

la casse

breaking, damage, breakages

le cave

(familiar) idiot, sucker

la cave

basement, cellar

le champagne

champagne

la Champagne

Champagne region

le chèvre

goat cheese

la chèvre

goat

le chose

thingie, contraption

la chose

thing

le cours

class

la cour

court, yard

le crème

coffee with cream

la crème

cream

le crêpe

crepe material

la crêpe

thin pancake

le critique

male critic

la critique

criticism, review, fem critic

le finale

finale (music)

la finale

final (sports)

le garde

guard, warden, keeper

la garde

guard duty, custody

le gène

gene

la gêne

trouble, bother, embarrassment

le geste

gesture

la geste

gest, epic poem

le greffe

court clerk’s office

la greffe

transplant, graft

le lieu

place

la lieue

league

le livre

book

la livre

pound (money & weight)

le manche

handle

la manche

la Manche

sleeve

English Channel

le manoeuvre

laborer

la manoeuvre

maneuver,
operation

le manque

lack, shortage, fault

à la manque

(familiar)
crummy,

le martyre

male martyr, martyrdom

la martyre

female martyr

le mémoire

memo, report, memoirs

la mémoire

memory

le merci

thanks

la merci

mercy

le mi

mi (musical note E)

la mie

soft part of bread

le mode

method, way, mood

la mode

fashion

le moral

morale

la morale

moral (of story), ethics

le mort

dead body

la mort

death

le mou

softness

la moue

face

le moule

mold

la moule

mussel

le mousse

ship’s boy (apprentice)

la mousse

moss, froth, foam, mousse

le mur

wall

la mûre

blackberry

le page

page boy

la page

pageof (of a book)

le parallèle

parallel

la parallèle

parallel line

le pendule

pendulum

la pendule

clock

le physique

physique, face

la physique

physics

le plastique

plastic

la plastique

modelling arts, body shape

le platine

platinum

la platine

turntable,deck, strip of metal

le poêle

stove

la poêle

frying pan

le politique

politician

la politique

politics, policy

le ponte

(informal) big shot

la ponte

laying eggs

le poste

job, post, tv/radio set

la poste

post office, mail/post

le pot

jar, pot, tin, can

la peau

skin

le pub

pub/bar

la pub

ad (publicité – advertising)

le pupille

male ward

la pupille

pupil of an eye

le radio

radio operator

la radio

radio, X ray

le soi

self, id

la soie

silk

le sol

ground, floor, soil

la sole

sole (fish)

le solde

balance (account),

la solde

Pay, sale

le somme

snooze, nap

la somme

sum, amount

le tour

tour, turn, trick

la tour

tower

le trompette

trumpeter

la trompette

trumpet

le vague

vagueness

la vague

wave

le vase

vase

la vase

silt, mud

le vigile

watchman

la vigile

vigil

le voile

veil

la voile

sail

3 commentaires »

  1. Oy.. Française est une langue très difficile a étudier..

    Commentaire par happyatom — 18 septembre, 2007 @ 9:44 | Répondre

  2. Oui, difficile… et l’Anglais est simple comme bonjour :

    ENGLISH IS TOUGH STUFF
    ======================

    Dearest creature in creation,
    Study English pronunciation.
    I will teach you in my verse
    Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.
    I will keep you, Suzy, busy,
    Make your head with heat grow dizzy.
    Tear in eye, your dress will tear.
    So shall I! Oh hear my prayer.

    Just compare heart, beard, and heard,
    Dies and diet, lord and word,
    Sword and sward, retain and Britain.
    (Mind the latter, how it’s written.)
    Now I surely will not plague you
    With such words as plaque and ague.
    But be careful how you speak:
    Say break and steak, but bleak and streak;
    Cloven, oven, how and low,
    Script, receipt, show, poem, and toe.

    Hear me say, devoid of trickery,
    Daughter, laughter, and Terpsichore,
    Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles,
    Exiles, similes, and reviles;
    Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
    Solar, mica, war and far;
    One, anemone, Balmoral,
    Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel;
    Gertrude, German, wind and mind,
    Scene, Melpomene, mankind.

    Billet does not rhyme with ballet,
    Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet.
    Blood and flood are not like food,
    Nor is mould like should and would.
    Viscous, viscount, load and broad,
    Toward, to forward, to reward.
    And your pronunciation’s OK
    When you correctly say croquet,
    Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve,
    Friend and fiend, alive and live.

    Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
    And enamour rhyme with hammer.
    River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb,
    Doll and roll and some and home.
    Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
    Neither does devour with clangour.
    Souls but foul, haunt but aunt,
    Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant,
    Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger,
    And then singer, ginger, linger,
    Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge,
    Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age.

    Query does not rhyme with very,
    Nor does fury sound like bury.
    Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth.
    Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath.
    Though the differences seem little,
    We say actual but victual.
    Refer does not rhyme with deafer.
    Foeffer does, and zephyr, heifer.
    Mint, pint, senate and sedate;
    Dull, bull, and George ate late.
    Scenic, Arabic, Pacific,
    Science, conscience, scientific.

    Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
    Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven.
    We say hallowed, but allowed,
    People, leopard, towed, but vowed.
    Mark the differences, moreover,
    Between mover, cover, clover;
    Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
    Chalice, but police and lice;
    Camel, constable, unstable,
    Principle, disciple, label.

    Petal, panel, and canal,
    Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal.
    Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
    Senator, spectator, mayor.
    Tour, but our and succour, four.
    Gas, alas, and Arkansas.
    Sea, idea, Korea, area,
    Psalm, Maria, but malaria.
    Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean.
    Doctrine, turpentine, marine.

    Compare alien with Italian,
    Dandelion and battalion.
    Sally with ally, yea, ye,
    Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key.
    Say aver, but ever, fever,
    Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver.
    Heron, granary, canary.
    Crevice and device and aerie.

    Face, but preface, not efface.
    Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
    Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
    Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging.
    Ear, but earn and wear and tear
    Do not rhyme with here but ere.
    Seven is right, but so is even,
    Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen,
    Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk,
    Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.

    Pronunciation — think of Psyche!
    Is a paling stout and spikey?
    Won’t it make you lose your wits,
    Writing groats and saying grits?
    It’s a dark abyss or tunnel:
    Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale,
    Islington and Isle of Wight,
    Housewife, verdict and indict.

    Finally, which rhymes with enough —
    Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough?
    Hiccough has the sound of cup.
    My advice is to give up!!!

    — Author unknown
    Via : http://www.docflash.com/say_this.txt

    Commentaire par db — 18 septembre, 2007 @ 3:29 | Répondre

  3. Good afternoon .
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    So if you want to discuss something about your article, and about my experience with aloe Vera products for weight management, I’ll always be glad to talk.

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    Andrew – Aloe Vera Distributor
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    Commentaire par Aloe Vera Distributor — 12 octobre, 2009 @ 2:26 | Répondre


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