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7 mai, 2010

Le présent : verbes réguliers encore

Filed under: CONJUGAISON,GRAMMAIRE — db @ 10:47
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Conjugating Regular Verbs in the Present Indicative Tense

Verbs in French end in -er, -re, or -ir. The verb before it is conjugateis called the infinitive.Removing the last two letters leaves you with the stem (aimer is the infinitive,aim– is the stem.)
The present indicative tense indicates an ongoing action, general state, or habitual activity. Besides the simple present tense (I write,I run, I see); there are two other forms of the present tense in English:the progressive (I am writing, I am running, etc.) and the emphatic (I do write, I do run, etc.)
However, these three English present tenses are all translated by the present indicative tense in French.

To conjugate verbs in the present tense, use the stem and add the following endings.

-er -re 1st -ir 2nd -ir*
-e -ons -s -ons -is -issons -s -ons
-es -ez -s -ez -is -issez -s -ez
-e -ent -ent -it -issent -t -ent
aimer -to like, love vendre – to sell
j’aime aimons vends vendons
aimes aimez vends vendez
aime aiment vend vendent
finir – to finish partir – to leave
finis finissons pars partons
finis finissez pars partez
finit finissent part partent
-er -re
aimer to like, love vendre to sell
chanter to sing attendre to wait for
chercher to look for entendre to listen
commencer to begin perdre to lose
donner to give répondre (à) to answer
étudier to study descendre to go down
fermer to close 1st -ir
habiter to live bâtir to build
jouer to play finir to finish
manger to eat choisir to choose
montrer to show punir to punish
parler to speak remplir to fill
penser to think obéir (à) to obey
travailler to work réussir to succeed
trouver to find guérir to cure, heal

•If a verb is followed by à (like répondre) you have to use the à and any contractions after the conjugated verb.

Je réponds au téléphone.

•The 2nd -ir verbs are considered irregular sometimes because there are only a few verbs which follow that pattern.

Other verbs like partir are sortir to go out, dormir to sleep, mentir to lie, sentir to smell, feel and servir , to serve.


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