The Past Participle
In English this is often rendered by the ending -ed (walked, talked, seated, opened, etc) but also by -d (found), -t (slept, leapt) or -en (given, spoken, taken) or special spellings (such as gone, run, swum, etc).
In French the Past Participle ends in -e for -er verbs,-i for -ir verbs, -u for -re verbs.
For Irregular verbs the past participle may have varied forms and these have to be learned separately.
- savoir, su
- ouvrir, ouvert
- prendre, pris etc
The Past Participle may be used by itself, but is not considered a real verb when so used.Its most common use is as the second part of compound-tenses of the verb – such as the Perfect, Pluperfect, Future Perfect, Conditional Perfect, etc.When used in these tenses the past participle may change its spelling, rather like an adjective.This is called agreement of the Past Participle – always be alert.